Meditation

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There is an incredible multitude of definitions for the word meditation. Some are very cumbersome and complex, while others are short, but do not fully reflect the essence of meditation. So there is still no clear definition of meditation, which would be acceptable to all. So I decided to give my own short definition (as I understand it) without claiming special accuracy and depth of this concept.

Meditation is a focus on a single point or object in order to get rid of the chaos of our thoughts and find calm and balance.

This formulation may be subjected to fair criticism, because it does not reflect all aspects of meditation and what it can do. But I think it is enough for an initial idea of ​​meditation.

When did it emerge?

I think that meditation emerged from the formation of modern man when the great number of apes that inhabited our planet took a little leap and one of the species evolved into Homo sapiens.

When man became conscious of himself as a human and began to contrast himself with nature, he had a lot of questions for himself and many additional fears.

What are the questions?

What am I doing in this world? Why do I live? What is the place I occupy in this world and what was I born for? Isn’t every modern man (especially a child) plagued by these questions?

What are the fears?

The fear of death. This fear is present in all animals, but in humans it is of particular importance. Fear of not being able to feed oneself. Fear of falling ill. Fear of losing your loved ones. These fears are typical of modern people.

Prerequisites for meditation

When a person is born, his mother is constantly near him. She gives him milk and protects the baby. For a child in his infancy his mother is everything, including the world itself. In case of danger, the child (or any other mammal) immediately runs to his mother and hides behind her back. We’ve all seen it on the programme «In the Animal Kingdom».

It is in a very early age that areas of «security» related to the mother or father form in the brain.

Then the child matures and enters the adult world in which there is a lot of injustice, you have to produce your own food and defend yourself. Mother is not omnipotent and is no longer able to protect him. And the sections of the cerebral cortex responsible for security have already taken shape and are in need of support.

Therefore, an individual needs to find a «defender». He begins to imagine that his soul can exist apart from the body and can move from one person to another. And most importantly, he begins to animate the elements (they have a soul, too). These forces begin to replace his mother and protect him when he is in danger.

Meditation and Religion

Diseases are linked with the fact that the soul has passed to another person, and the soul of an ill person to him. Therefore it is necessary to get it back. How to do it?

You must escape from your «self» and return it back.

All ancient people had their own healers — shamans (predecessors of clerics), who put themselves and their fellow tribesmen into a trance with their dancing and whirling around the axis. Sometimes it was accompanied by the clear rhythm of the drums.

At the same time, they «turn on» consciousness, trying to extract the lost soul from themselves and get rid of it. In doing so, they try to focus their mind only on this action.

They worked themselves up into unconsciousness. This is also a primitive form of meditation. After that, believing that they have accomplished their mission, people calmed down and believed that the souls will return to their places, and the Supreme Soul will protect them from danger.

So, meditation evolved as an instrument of religion that helped people to go into a trance, produce some action and calm down.

Primitive form of meditation

This form of meditation is characterized by dancing. Dances are accompanied by the same type of movements, spinning in one place and uniform sound of drums. Any rhythmic movements are also meditation. The well-known worry beads came to us from time immemorial. Each tribe had its own «pagan gods». They were called differently and people probably constantly repeated certain requests for them.

These requests were called prayers. The constant repetition of them is also part of meditation that calmed people who pronounced them. But calm was not the aim of primitive people. Their aim was to expel evil spirits.

This, of course, is an assumption. But it is confirmed by ancient cave paintings, where, on a par with hunting scenes, fantastic animals that were apparently deified are found.

In Africa and Siberia, shamans with their ancient ideas about the world can still be found.

So, dancing is one of the earliest forms of meditation, which was then transformed into an erotic component. They may be interconnected, too.

It should be noted that dances and music are also used in meditation in the modern era: Meditation during Sufi spinning and the music of the Hasidim (a denomination in Judaism) with a repetitive rhythm.

Evolution of meditation

The evolution of meditation is inextricably linked with the evolution of religion. After the discovery of writing, the repetition of various prayers began to be practiced.

In the future, various meditation practices in many nations began to be used for setting up communication with the Almighty. This was achieved through the recitation of prayers.

In many religions the recitation of prayers and concentration on transcendence allows a person to create in his mind the image of the Almighty who radiates kindness and light.

Sufi meditation

This faith has a wide variety of exercises to develop the ability to concentrate and to stop the continuous flow of thoughts. Exercises are often performed to the accompaniment of music, Sufi whirling, etc.

Every religion has its own specific meditation.

Christianity

The difference between Christianity and other religions is that there is the Holy Trinity between God and man: God the Father, God the Son and the Holy Spirit. Constant recitation of prayers is to use concentration to cultivate love for Christ, the Holy Spirit and God, and through them for all people on earth, since everyone is the same and has all that was in Christ. Constant reflections and following certain rituals help this transformation.

Islam

Meditation is most pronounced in Islam. Every Muslim must perform namaz five times a day. Namaz is performed by certain rules with rhythmic movements and prayers. This person must completely abandon all worldly things and focus on transcendence. This is a very sensible decision and after namaz, the person has a wonderful state. It is a state of calm and love for God.

Buddhism

Buddhist meditation includes a variety of meditation techniques aimed at developing mindfulness, concentration, peace and enlightenment. Buddhists use meditation as a way of attaining enlightenment and nirvana.

In this religion meditation has reached its peak.

Yoga

There are different types of yoga. Let us consider the Hatha Yoga, where there is the concept of «prana». Prana is the energy that permeates the entire universe and is invisible to the eye.

Yogis believe that with every breath prana fills the human body with energy. Yoga classes consist of three main parts: special postures (asanas), full breathing that engages three parts of the lungs and meditation.

The man takes a certain posture (asana) first of all. Then, he starts to breathe. The focus is on breathing. Breathing begins with exhalation. This is followed by a full 8-second breath. The practicing person concentrates his mind on how the «prana» gradually fills the lungs. This is followed by breath-holding (8 seconds or more). The mind is focused on the prana that is in the lungs. Thereafter, a slow exhalation begins. «Prana» is slowly «sent» to the solar plexus or other organs.

The focus is on how powerful life energy enters the body, giving it power and «curing» the disease if necessary.

I have been doing yoga since my childhood (when it was uncustomary to talk about yoga and there were only photocopies), but not regularly. The condition that emerges after classes is excellent.

Meditation at the present time

Nowadays, people have realized the importance and positive effects of meditation on psycho-physiological and somatic health.

The word meditation derives from the Latin word medetari — «contemplate», «control the mind» and mederi — «heal». In Japanese culture, its synonymous to the word Zen.

Meditation has now become detached from religion and acquired independent significance. Moreover, science has begun to study meditation. The magazine V Mire Nauki in 2015 (№1) published an article devoted to meditation.

Modern meditation implies a method of developing basic human qualities such as stability and clarity of mind, peace of mind and even love and compassion — the qualities that sleep until you endeavour to develop them. In addition, meditation is a process of exploring a more relaxed and flexible way of life.

Meditation is a fairly simple exercise, but at the same time, difficult, since a person has to make an effort to concentrate.

The three most common types of meditation

  1. Concentration of attention: at the current time the mind is limited and directed, developing the ability not to be distracted.
  2. Meditation of mindfulness (clear mind) or free perception, in which a person seeks to develop a calm understanding of his own emotions, thoughts and feelings he experiences at the moment so as not to let them get out of control and lead him to a mental disorder. In this type of meditation, a person keeps his attention on any of his feelings, but does not focus on anything in particular.
  3. Compassion and charity. It promotes the altruistic attitude towards others.

The thing is that humans find it difficult to maintain attention on one object for a long time. Scientists have established that the process goes through the following steps.

  1. Evasion of attention
  2. The moment of realization of distraction
  3. The shift of attention
  4. Resumption of focused attention

It has been established that each of the four phases involves different brain regions.

Studies have shown that experienced Buddhists could arbitrarily maintain a condition that is characterized by a certain rhythm of electrical activity of the brain, namely, high-amplitude gamma oscillations with a frequency of 25-42 Hz.

Furthermore, it was found that some meditation increases certain brain regions. It is assumed that meditation may slow the rate of thinning of the brain tissue that occurs with age. The area of ​​the tonsils also decreased — areas of the brain that form fear.

Thus, the use of meditation will allow us not only to fall sick less, but also to extend our lives.

I would like to cite the example of the Panasonic founder Konusuke Matsushita, who lived to be 90. At the end of his life he gathered his senior staff for a business conversation in order to reveal the secrets of his success to them. They met at a restaurant and talked. At the end of the conversation, he revealed his secret to them.

He said that morning meditation played a big role in his success. His collocutors were very surprised. They thought that he would be talking about technical details, the will to win and so on. But he told them about the benefits of meditation as an important factor in his success.

And he is really right.

Alternative methods of meditation

Walking

Sometimes when it is not possible to go to the gym, I go around the table in a large room in the morning. At the same time, I try not to think about anything. It does not work, and then thoughts come by themselves. I try to redirect them towards work – towards the fact that I need to do something and write an article. And «thoughts come», which usually would never «come» to me. This helps me to set new goals, find ways to further help people and make more money.

So, regular walking is also a kind of meditation. The rhythmic contraction of hands and feet while walking helps meditation.

Fishing

What can be better than sitting alone in front of the river and constantly looking at the float: will it bite or not.

Walking through the mountains in the woods.

Excellent meditation. People forget about everyday life and admire the scenery.

Epilogue

Man is a sculptor who sculpts himself. One of his goals is a state of health and success. Man must know what is causing diseases. According to the theory of HAT Medicine – it is a disruption between microbial populations that live on our mucous membranes and our immune system (antibodies). The balance between them is our health.

How to support it

  1. Correct HAT Medicine diet
  2. Active daily physical activity
  3. Maintaining the balance between the individual and society. The absence of this balance and the prevalence of stress contribute to disease and poverty.
  4. Man must be rich both spiritually and materially. Meditation, the old-new tool invented at the dawn of humanity and perfected, can help him with it.
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